Syria and the Lebanon

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امکانات وب

The Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon

(French: Mandat franccedil;ais pour la Syrie et le Liban)

was a League of Nations mandate founded after the First World War

and the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire concerning Syria and the Lebanon.

The mandate system was supposed to differ from colonialism

with the governing country acting as a trustee until the inhabitants

would be able to stand on their own. At that point

the mandate would terminate and an independent state would be born

During the two years that followed the end of the war in 1918 - and

in accordance with the Sykes-Picot Agreement signed by Britain and

France during the war - the British held control of most of Ottoman Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) and

the southern part of Ottoman Syria (Palestine and Transjordan

while the French controlled the rest of Ottoman Syria, Lebanon, Alexandretta (Hatay)

and other portions of southeastern Turkey. In the early 1920s, British and

French control of these territories became formalized by

the League of Nations' mandate system, and on 29 September 1923 France

was assigned the League of Nations mandate of Syria

which included the territory of present-day Lebanon and Alexandretta in addition to Syria proper

The administration of the region under the French was carried out

through a number of different governments and territories,

including the Syrian Federation (1922-24), the State of Syria (1924-30)

and the Syrian Republic (1930-1958), as well as smaller states

the State of Greater Lebanon, the Alawite State and Jabal Druze State.

Hatay was annexed by Turkey in 1939

The French mandate lasted until 1943, when two independent countries emerged

Syria and Lebanon. French troops completely left Syria and Lebanon in 1946

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Rare oldarabic banknote

liban and syrie

quality : VGdate : 1 septembre 1939

SN: J/FF 023193

over printed with two red lines

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نویسنده : بازدید : 19 تاريخ : شنبه 26 فروردين 1396 ساعت: 4:47

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